Occupational therapy - like physiotherapy, speech therapy, podiatry and nutrition therapy - is one of the remedies, i.e. it is a medical service that is provided personally by professionals. But what exactly is occupational therapy?
Wikipedia answers this question like this1: "Occupational therapy (OT) is profession within healthcare. It is the use of assessment and intervention to develop, recover, or maintain the meaningful activities, or occupations, of individuals, groups, or communities. It is an allied health profession performed by occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants (OTA). OTs often work with people with mental health problems, disabilities, injuries, or impairments.2"
… you will find the "Heilmittel nach Maßgabe des Kataloges", translated: remedy according to the catalogue. Usually, one of the four following forms of treatment is specifed there: "sensomotorisch-perzeptive Behandlung" (sensory-motor-perceptive treatment), "motorisch-funktionelle Behandlung" (motor-functional treatment), "psychisch-funktionelle Behandlung" (mental-functional treatment) or "Hirnleistungstraining" (brain performance training), the latter also called "neuropsychologisch orientierte Behandlung" (neuropsychologically oriented treatment). These four forms of treatment, which are most frequently prescribed in practice, will be briefly explained below.
Neurofeedback is a method of providing feedback to the brain about the quality of its own self-regulation. Through this feedback, the brain can be trained to regulate itself better. In this way, functions can be improved and dysfunctions can be reduced. The procedure can be used to treat a variety of disorders. However, neurofeedback is not a "cure-all." It does not automatically replace other forms of therapy such as drug therapy or psychotherapy. Therefore, it makes sense to discuss the use of neurofeedback in detail with your doctor. In many cases, the combination of different forms of therapy including neurofeedback should be considered.